ARTIFICIAL WOMB

”One by one the eggs were transferred from their test-tubes to the larger containers; deftly the peritoneal lining was slit, the morula dropped into place, the saline solution poured . . . and already the bottle had passed on through an opening in the wall, slowly on into the Social Predestination Room.” Aldous Huxley, ”Brave New World”

THE ARTIFICIAL WOMB IS BORN AND THE WORLD OF THE MATRIX BEGINS

Artificial womb could allow babies to develop outside the mother’s uterus

The artificial womb exists. In Tokyo, researchers have developed a technique called EUFI — extrauterine fetal incubation. They have taken goat fetuses, threaded catheters through the large vessels in the umbilical cord and supplied the fetuses with oxygenated blood while suspending them in incubators that contain artificial amniotic fluid heated to body temperature.

http://rawforbeauty.com/blog/the-artificial-womb-is-born-and-the-world-of-the-matrix-begins.html

Yoshinori Kuwabara, chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Juntendo University in Tokyo, has been working on artificial placentas for a decade. His interest grew out of his clinical experience with premature infants, and as he writes in a recent abstract, ”It goes without saying that the ideal situation for the immature fetus is growth within the normal environment of the maternal organism.”

Kuwabara and his associates have kept the goat fetuses in this environment for as long as three weeks. But the doctor’s team ran into problems with circulatory failure, along with many other technical difficulties. Pressed to speculate on the future, Kuwabara cautiously predicts that ”it should be possible to extend the length” and, ultimately, ”this can be applied to human beings.”

For a moment, as you contemplate those fetal goats, it may seem a short hop to the Central Hatchery of Aldous Huxley’s imagination. In fact, in recent decades, as medicine has focused on the beginning and end stages of pregnancy, the essential time inside the woman’s body has been reduced. We are, however, still a long way from connecting those two points, from creating a completely artificial gestation. But we are at a moment when the fetus, during its obligatory time in the womb, is no longer inaccessible, no longer locked away from medical interventions.

The future of human reproductive medicine lies along the speeding trajectories of several different technologies. There is neonatology, accomplishing its miracles at the too-abrupt end of gestation. There is fetal surgery, intervening dramatically during pregnancy to avert the anomalies that kill and cripple newborns. There is the technology of assisted reproduction, the in-vitro fertilization and gamete retrieval-and-transfer fireworks of the last 20 years. And then, inevitably, there is genetics. All these technologies are essentially new, and with them come ethical questions so potent that the very inventors of these miracles seem half-afraid of where we may be heading.

The Artificial womb: A documentary on the NICU at the Vally Hospital

Between Womb and Air

Modern neonatology is a relatively short story: a few decades of phenomenal advances and doctors who resuscitate infants born 16 or 17 weeks early, babies weighing less than a pound. These very low-birthweight babies have a survival rate of about 10 percent. Experienced neonatologists are extremely hesitant about pushing the boundaries back any further; much research is aimed now at reducing the severe morbidity of these extreme preemies who do survive.

Are Artificial Wombs the Future of Birth?

”Liquid preserves the lung structure and function,” says Thomas Shaffer, professor of physiology and pediatrics at the School of Medicine at Temple University. He has been working on liquid ventilation for almost 30 years. Back in the late 1960′s, he looked for a way to use liquid ventilation to prevent decompression sickness in deep-sea divers. His technology was featured in the book ”The Abyss,” and for the movie of that name, Hollywood built models of the devices Shaffer had envisioned. As a postdoctoral student in physiology, he began working with premature infants. Throughout gestation, the lungs are filled with the appropriately named fetal lung fluid. Perhaps, he thought, ventilating these babies with a liquid that held a lot of oxygen would offer a gentler, safer way to take these immature lungs over the threshold toward the necessary goal of breathing air. Barotrauma, which is damage done to the lungs by the forced air banging out of the ventilator, would thus be reduced or eliminated.

This concept incubator would grow babies at your home in a see-through pod

Today, in Shaffer’s somewhat labyrinthine laboratories in Philadelphia, you can come across a ventilator with pressure settings that seem astoundingly low; this machine is set at pressures that could never force air into stiff newborn lungs. And then there is the long bubbling cylinder where a special fluorocarbon liquid can be passed through oxygen, picking up and absorbing quantities of oxygen molecules. This machine fills the lungs with fluid that flows into the tiny passageways and air sacs of a premature human lung.

Shaffer remembers, not long ago, when many people thought the whole idea was crazy, when his was the only team working on filling human lungs with liquid. Now, liquid ventilation is cited by many neonatologists as the next large step in treating premature infants. In 1989, the first human studies were done, offering liquid ventilation to infants who were not thought to have any chance of survival through conventional therapy. The results were promising, and bigger trials are now under way. A pharmaceutical company has developed a fluorocarbon liquid that has the capacity to carry a great deal of dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide — every 100 milliliters holds 50 milliliters of oxygen. By putting liquid into the lung, Shaffer and his colleagues argue, the lung sacs can be expanded at a much lower pressure.

The Dangers of Transhumanism Episode 2: The Artificial Womb

”I wouldn’t want to push back the gestational age limit,” Shaffer says. ”I want to eliminate the damage.” He says he believes that this technology may become the standard. By the year 2000, these techniques may be available in large centers. Pressed to speculate about the more distant future, he imagines a premature baby in a liquid-dwelling and a liquid-breathing intermediate stage between womb and air: Immersed in fluid that would eliminate insensible water loss you would need a sophisticated temperature-control unit, a ventilator to take care of the respiratory exchange part, better thermal control and skin care.

The Fetus as Patient

The notion that you could perform surgery on a fetus was pioneered by Michael Harrison at the University of California in San Francisco. Guided by an improved ultrasound technology, it was he who reported, in 1981, that surgical intervention to relieve a urinary tract obstruction in a fetus was possible.

”I was frustrated taking care of newborns,” says N. Scott Adzick, who trained with Harrison and is surgeon in chief at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.

When children are born with malformations, damage is often done to the organ systems before birth; obstructive valves in the urinary system cause fluid to back up and destroy the kidneys, or an opening in the diaphragm allows loops of intestine to move up into the chest and crowd out the lungs. ”It’s like a lot of things in medicine,” Adzick says, ”if you’d only gotten there earlier on, you could have prevented the damage. I felt it might make sense to treat certain life-threatening malformations before birth.”

Adzick and his team see themselves as having two patients, the mother and the fetus. They are fully aware that once the fetus has attained the status of a patient, all kinds of complex dilemmas result. Their job, says Lori Howell, coordinator of Children’s Hospital’s Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment, is to help families make choices in difficult situations. Terminate a pregnancy, sometimes very late? Continue a pregnancy, knowing the fetus will almost certainly die? Continue a pregnancy, expecting a baby who will be born needing very major surgery? Or risk fixing the problem in utero and allow time for normal growth and development?

The first fetal surgery at Children’s Hospital took place seven months ago. Felicia Rodriguez, from West Palm Beach, Fla., was 22 weeks pregnant. Through ultrasound, her fetus had been diagnosed as having a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation a mass growing in the chest, which would compress the fetal heart, backing up the circulation, killing the fetus and possibly putting the mother into congestive heart failure.

When the fetal circulation started to back up, Rodriguez flew to Philadelphia. The surgeons made a Caesarean-type incision. They performed a hysterotomy by opening the uterus quickly and bloodlessly, and then opened the amniotic sac and brought out the fetus’s arm, exposing the relevant part of the chest. The mass was removed, the fetal chest was closed, the amniotic membranes sealed with absorbable staples and glue, the uterus was closed and the abdomen was sutured. And the pregnancy continued — with special monitoring and continued use of drugs to prevent premature labor. The uterus, no longer anesthetized, is prone to contractions. Rodriguez gave birth at 35 weeks’ gestation, 13 weeks after surgery, only 5 weeks before her due date. During those 13 weeks, the fetal heart pumped normally with no fluid backup, and the fetal lung tissue developed properly. Roberto Rodriguez 3d was born this May, a healthy baby born to a healthy mother.

This is a new and remarkable technology. Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and the University of California at San Francisco are the only centers that do these operations, and fewer than a hundred have been done. The research fellows, residents working in these labs and training as the next generation of fetal surgeons, convey their enthusiasm for their field and their mentors in everything they say. When you sit with them, it is impossible not to be dazzled by the idea of what they can already do and by what they will be able to do. ”When I dare to dream,” says Theresa Quinn, a fellow at Children’s Hospital, ”I think of intervening before the immune system has time to mature, allowing for advances that could be used in organ transplantation to replacement of genetic deficiencies.”

But What Do We Want?

Eighteen years ago, in-vitro fertilization was tabloid news: test-tube babies! Now IVF is a standard therapy, an insurance wrangle, another medical term instantly understood by most lay people. Enormous advertisements in daily newspapers offer IVF, egg-donation programs, even the newer technique of ICSI intracytoplasmic sperm injection as consumer alternatives. It used to be, for women at least, that genetic and gestational motherhood were one and the same. It is now possible to have your own fertilized egg carried by a surrogate or, much more commonly, to go through a pregnancy carrying an embryo formed from someone else’s egg.

Given the strong desire to be pregnant, which drives many women to request donor eggs and go through biological motherhood without a genetic connection to the fetus, is it really very likely that any significant proportion of women would take advantage of an artificial womb? Could we ever reach a point where the desire to carry your own fetus in your own womb will seem a willful rejection of modern health and hygiene, an affected earth-motherism that flies in the face of common sense — the way I feel about mothers in Cambridge who ostentatiously breast-feed their children until they are 4 years old?

I would argue that God in her wisdom created pregnancy so Moms and babies could develop a relationship before birth, says Alan Fleischman, professor of pediatrics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York, who directed the neonatal program at Montefiore Medical Center for 20 years.

Mary Mahowald, a professor at the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago, and one of her medical students surveyed women about whether they would rather be related to a child gestationally or genetically, if they couldn’t choose both. A slight majority opted for the gestational relationship, caring more about carrying the pregnancy, giving birth and nursing than about the genetic tie. ”Pregnancy is important to women,” Mahowald says. ”Some women might prefer to be done with all this — we hire our surrogates, we hire our maids, we hire our nannies — but I think these things are going to have very limited interest.”

Susan Cooper, a psychologist who counsels people going through infertility workups, isn’t so sure. Yes, she agrees, many of the patients she sees have ”an intense desire to be pregnant but it’s hard to know whether that’s a biological urge or a cultural urge.”

And Arthur L. Caplan, director of the Center for Bioethics at the University of Pennsylvania, takes it a step further. Thirty years from now, he speculates, we will have solved the problem of lung development; neonatology will be capable of saving 15- and 16-week-old fetuses. There will be many genetic tests available, easy to do, predicting the risks of acquiring late-onset diseases, but also predicting aptitudes, behavior traits and aspects of personality. There won’t be an artificial womb available, but there will be lots of prototypes, and women who can’t carry a pregnancy will sign up to use the prototypes in experimental protocols. Caplan also predicts that ”there will be a movement afoot which says all this is unnecessary and unnatural, and that the way to have babies is sex and the random lottery of nature a movement with the appeal of the environmental movement today.” Sixty years down the line, he adds, the total artificial womb will be here. ”It’s technologically inevitable. Demand is hard to predict, but I’ll say significant.”

It all used to happen in the dark — if it happened at all. It occurred well beyond our seeing or our intervening, in the wet, lightless spaces of the female body. So what changes when something as fundamental as human reproduction comes out of the closet, so to speak? Are we, in fact, different if we take hands-on control over this most basic aspect of our biology? Should we change our genetic trajectory and thus our evolutionary path? Eliminate defects or eliminate differences or are they one and the same? Save every fetus, make every baby a wanted baby, help every wanted child to be born healthy — are these the same? What are our goals as a society, what are our goals as a medical profession, what are our goals as individual parents — and where do these goals diverge?

”The future is rosy for bioethicists,” Caplan says.
Perri Klass’s most recent book is ”Baby Doctor.” She is a pediatrician at Boston Medical Center.

Source: HTTP://WWW.NYTIMES.COM/1996/09/29/MAGAZINE/THE-ARTIFICIAL-WOMB-IS-BORN.HTML?PAGEWANTED=ALL&SRC=PM
Artificial Womb

Ectogenesis: Artificial Womb Technology and the Future of Human Reproduction (Value Inquiry Book Series 184) (Values in Bioethics) by Scott Gelfand (Author), John R. Shook (Eds.) (Author). 

This book raises many moral, legal, social, and political, questions related to possible development, in the near future, of an artificial womb for human use. Is ectogenesis ever morally permissible? If so, under what circumstances? Will ectogenesis enhance or diminish women’s reproductive rights and/or their economic opportunities? These are some of the difficult and crucial questions this anthology addresses and attempts to answer. Contents: Acknowledgements Richard T. Hull: Foreword Scott GELFAND: One: Introduction Peter SINGER and Deane WELLS: Two: Ectogenesis Julien S. MURPHY: Three: Is Pregnancy Necessary: Feminist Concerns about Ectogenesis Leslie CANNOLD: Four: Women, Ectogenesis, and Ethical Theory Rosemarie TONG: Five: Out of Body Gestation:In Whose Best Interests? Gregory PENCE: Six: What’s so Good about Natural Motherhood?(In Praise of Unnatural Gestation) Scott GELFAND: Seven: Ectogenesis and the Ethics of Care Maureen SANDER-STAUDT: Eight: Of Machine Born? A Feminist Assessment of Ectogenesis and Artificial Wombs Joan WOOLFREY: Nine: Ectogenesis: Liberation, Technological Tyranny,or Just More of the Same? Dien HO: Ten: Leaving People Alone: Liberalism, Ectogenesis, and the Limits of Medicine Jennifer BARD: Eleven: Immaculate Gestation? How Will Ectogenesis Change Current Paradigms of Social Relationships and Values? Joyce M. RASKIN and Nadav MAZOR: Twelve: The Artificial Womb and Human Subject Research John R. SHOOK: Thirteen: Bibliography on Ectogenesis About the Editors and Contributors Index

The Mother Machine: Reproductive Technologies from Artificial Insemination to Artificial Wombs Hardcover– April, 1985 by Gena Corea (Author)

What are the biblical principles with regard to new medical technology that now allows for surrogacy, in vitro fertilization, and cloning? How should Christians respond to critical debates over external wombs, stem cell research, as well as the anti-life bias of the medical establishment? In this important symposium, Doug Phillips, Dr. Ed Payne, Geoff Botkin, and Dan Becker navigate the thorny biomedical issues facing the family today and seek to give a biblically-based ethic for how Christians can honor God even as they seek a godly seed. Their overarching conclusion is this: God s law must govern these issues, for when Christians concede the foundational principles of life where biomedical ethics are concerned, they open the door to a Brave New World driven by lawless and utilitarian aims.

A Tale of Moral Corruption Paperback – December 2, 2015 by Marsha Cornelius (Author)

How does a successful man plummet into a world of male escorts, kinky sex, and barbaric death matches? In this female-dominated world, 28-year-old Mason is comfortable with his job as a tax clerk. His real ambition is to be a loving father and supportive husband. He’s especially looking forward to wearing the new artificial womb that so many men have strapped on their bellies. But first, Mason must be chosen as a husband. He’s listed on the Approved Partner Registry, a website that profiles men and their qualifications. It’s used by successful businesswomen who don’t have the time or inclination to date. Now it’s a waiting game. In the meantime, he volunteers at the company’s co-op daycare. He keeps his body in good physical condition. He even took a remedial course with a sex surrogate when the registry listed him as a premature ejaculator. His diligence will pay off when he is selected as a mate. But when he is dropped from the registry because of an indiscretion at work, his life begins to unravel and it doesn’t look like anything can stop his fall from grace.

Science TheoryTags

Dr. Tim Morrow What The Doctors Will Not Tell You!

Dr. Tim Morrow What The Doctors Will Not Tell You!

Tim Morrow talks about how the body can heal itself if given the correct raw material it needs.

For More Information Visit:
www.commonsenseherbs.com

Common Sense™ – Our Mission

Our mission at Common Sense™ Products (CSP) is to continue to provide superior pure 100% natural products to be readily available to all our Members, their family, friends and neighbors at a moment’s request. CSP promotes healthy lifestyle, self preservation and a healthy diet. Now our Members are being given an opportunity not only to achieve optimal health but a chance to be compensated in our new Home Business Program.

If you have a desire to be well…then it is up to you, as an adult, to do something about it. Your health is your responsibility – not the doctor, your parents, nor your children. If you are ready to take that responsibility, then you are ready for Common Sense™ Products.

Our Purpose

Our purpose at CSP has always been to inform, educate and guide our Members about the use of herbs and how they nourish your body and mind as a whole. There is no tool more essential than knowledge. CSP has created a path for its Members to achieve optimal health. It is important that your interest in your health becomes a priority. Good health brings enhancement to you, your family, friends and neighbors. When it comes to alternative preventions don’t just take anyone’s word for it, not even ours. Begin your own research. CSP will inform and guide you until you have all the knowledge and answers you need to make an educated choice.

Herbs are as old as man, and they benefit everyone from the fetus to the grave. All animals in the kingdom know this. When an animal is sick it goes to the original pharmacy, “Nature.”

Our Commitment

Our commitment to our Members, their family, friends and neighbors is to continue research and formulate new products that will nourish the body and mind as a whole. All our products are made to help eliminate pain and suffering, as well as enhance our health and well being. CSP will continue to go back to the original pharmacy, Nature, to create Common Sense™ Products.

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Keep in mind: there are no side effects to herbs, no labels that read “Keep Out of Reach of Children.” These herbs, in fact, are gentle enough for children.

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Colon: “Root of All Diseases

Dr. Tim Morrow speaks on the healing of the body through herbs. He also speaks on how it is important for us to understand, that we are responsible to take care of our own bodies. Lets take care of us family starting today.

Doctors Are More Harmful Than Germs: How Surgery Can Be Hazardous to Your Health – And What to Do About It Paperback – March 15, 2011

by Harvey Bigelsen M.D. (Author), John Parks Trowbridge M.D. (Foreword), Lisa Haller (Contributor)

Most people would consider a knife wound to the stomach a serious health risk, but a similar scalpel wound in an operating room is often shrugged off. In Doctors Are More Harmful Than Germs, Dr. Harvey Bigelsen explains how today’s medical doctors overprescribe surgery and ignore its long-term health implications. Any invasive medical procedure, he argues—including colonoscopies and root canals—creates inflammation in the body, leading to serious and long-lasting health problems.

Inflammation, according to Dr. Bigelsen, is the real cause of all chronic disease (persistent or long-lasting illness). Noting that Western medicine has yet to “cure” a single chronic disease, Bigelsen points to a new paradigm: one that treats each patient as an individual (rather than as a set of symptoms), avoids further damage to the body through surgery, and looks for the root cause of chronic disease in past damage done to the patient’s body—whether caused by a bad fall or a scalpel. Provocatively written and radical in its approach, Doctors Are More Harmful Than Germs challenges readers to rethink everything they believe about illness and how to treat it.

Herbal Remedies

Herbal Remedies Part 1

Herbal Remedies Part 2

Heal Thyself

Heal Thyself Part 1

Tim Morrow talks about how the body can heal itself if given the correct raw material it needs.

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www.commonsenseherbs.com

Heal Thyself Part 2